When working with your own home network, you might have to reset your router in the case of a forgotten password, lost network security key or during key troubleshooting scenarios. Routers can be reset using one of the methods outlined below
What Happens When You Perform a Hard Reset?
When performing a hard reset, all passwords, network security keys and configuration parameters are lost, restoring the factory settings that came along with your router initially. This means that only the router firmware is left intact.
When Must You Choose to Do a Hard Reset?
A hard reset is a rather drastic step to restore router functioning when the network cannot function. This often occurs when either the password or the security key has been forgotten or lost. In this case, the network administrator might have to start all over again with a set of fresh settings.
How do You go About with a Hard Reset?
- Disconnect the broadband modem. This will ensure you do not encounter internet connectivity problems.
- Power on the router and find the ‘reset’ button, generally placed on the rear side of your router.
- Now press the button, preferably with a pen tip or paper clip and hold down for 20-30 seconds.
- Release the button and wait for around one minute to allow the router to reboot and resume its normal functioning.
- To do a more comprehensive reset, when the 30-second hard reset does not work, hold down the power button for 90 seconds and in this time, unplug the router from power and re-plug it.
What is Power Cycling and how do You Go About it?
Power cycling refers to the act of shutting off power that feeds into your router and then re-applying it. Common problems like dropped connections, corrupt internal memory and overheating can be resolved through power cycling. Unlike the hard reset method, power cycling preserves your password, security keys and saved settings.
Another method of router reset is achieved by shutting off power to the unit, switching it off or unplugging the power cord. Battery powered routers can be reset by removing their batteries. You might incorporate a 30-second gap between the power off and on operations, but it is not mandatory.
Sometimes, you might have to reset the connection between your network router and ISP broadband. This operation is known as the soft reset.
What are the Different Mechanisms of Performing a Soft Reset?
A soft reset can be performed by either unplugging the cable between the router and the modem, with a few seconds interval in between. A soft reset can also be accomplished by using the connect/disconnect buttons available from the console.
The “Restore Factory Defaults” option available from the console menu is also a good way to perform a soft reset, without erasing password and security keys.
Another option available for the router soft reset is the “Reset Security” button available at the Wi-Fi console, which helps replace the wireless networking settings with the default values, leaving other settings intact. The router name or SSID, Wi-Fi channel number and wireless encryption settings are all reset. When in doubt, it is recommended to go for the “Restore Factory Defaults” setting.
All soft resets take effect immediately, without the need for a reboot.
As a final note, it is important to have a clear picture about the parameters you intend to reset or restore to original settings. Once you have a clear purpose in mind, it is easy to choose whether you want to go for a soft reset, hard reset or power cycling option.