A binary notation that uniquely identifies devices and computers connected to a TCP/IP network is known as an IP address, where IP stands for Internet Protocol. An IP address scheme is set up by administrators for the networks they work with. Internet Service Providers (ISPs) manage IP addresses through a central allocation system. Resetting IP address is, therefore, an essential aspect of troubleshooting computer networks and their connection problems.
Standards Associated with IP Addresses
The IPv4 and IPv6 standards are the most prominent systems for IP addressing. Most people are familiar with the IPv4 standard, which is widespread on the Internet. There are 32 bits or 4 bytes available for IPv4 addresses as opposed to the 16 bytes or 128 bits available to the addresses belonging to the IPv6 protocol.
A group of four numbers is associated with the IPv4 address. Each number belongs to range between 0 and 255. The four parts of the IPv4 address are considered as one unit when communicating over a network. Examples of IPv4 addresses include 0.0.0.1 and 255.255.255.255. In IPv6, colons are used to separate the numbers belonging to the IP address instead of dots. The digits used in the IP addresses are available in hexadecimal form rather than decimal form.
Private and Public IP Addresses
IP addresses that are available for use on Local Area Networks (LANs) or Wide Area Networks (WANs) can be either public or private. A device can also get a static address, which is directly assigned by an administrator. It can also get a dynamic IP address which is assigned on demand by another device on the network.
How Device IP Addresses Work
Computers, printers, Internet of Things (IoT) gadgets, phones and all devices connected to IP networks have an IP address assigned to them. Certain devices including routers on the network can also be associated with multiple IP addresses.
The system settings of a device display its IP address. While troubleshooting, users can lookup IP addresses of clients and verify its validity concerning the network. IP addresses can also be released and renewed through the use of procedures specifically set up for renewal and lookup of IP addresses.
Websites can determine the country and city to which a person belongs through the use of IP geolocation technology. Websites make use of this technology to control what users can view online, including the content and the advertisements. Sometimes, when users prefer to remain anonymous while logged on to the Internet, their IP addresses can be hidden to prevent them from being tracked.