When all computers in a network process data as a shared responsibility, then that is what you call a peer-to-peer network. You can also refer to peer-to-peer networking as simply peer networking. Peer-to-peer networking is very different from the traditional client-server model of networking computer systems. In the client-server model, clients usually send out requests for information and servers assume responsibility for fulfilling those requests.
How Peer-to-Peer Networks Function on a Home Based LAN
Peer network models are best suited for LANs in residential settings. A peer-to-peer network can be either wired or wireless. When peer networks are setup at home based LANs, all systems communicate with the same networking protocols. Generally, it exists at a single location. However, some P2P networks exist across geographies.
Hybrid home networks that connect with broadband routers have client-server and peer network capabilities. Routers make internet connections available while peer computers share files and send printer requests.
Peer-to-Peer Network on the Internet and Wi-Fi
In the 1990s, P2P file sharing gathered momentum because of the popularity of websites like Napster. However, even these websites are not exactly peer networks as they implement client-server models in their infrastructure.
Wi-Fi networks with ad-hoc connection options are also peer-to-peer networks. This network configuration is different from wireless router connections.
Key Benefits of Data Sharing by Peer-to-Peer Networks
P2P networks support bi-directional data exchange. You can easily download or upload data over the P2P network. Peer networks on the Internet are designed to handle large data volumes. File sharing creates huge traffic demands, and hence, these distribute network loads. This P2P network scale with ease as they do not depend on centralized servers. Peer networks perform better than client-server networks in case of traffic bottlenecks or network failures. If you need more information on P2P networks, do contact us via comment section. We’re happy to help.